Коротко

Арктическая территория
Вся территория Соединенных Штатов к северу и западу от границы, образованной реками Дикобраз, Юкон и Кускоквим; все сопредельные моря, включая Северный Ледовитый океан и моря Бофорта, Берингова и Чукотского моря; и Алеутская цепь.

Население Арктики
Приблизительно 50 000 чел.

Коренные народы Арктики
Алеуты, алутики, юпики, инупиаки (северо-западные инуиты Аляски), атабаски, тлинкиты и хайда

США и Арктический регион

Соединенные Штаты стали арктической страной после покупки Аляски в 1867 году. К регионам за Полярным кругом относятся округ Норт-Слоуп, Северо-Западный арктический округ и район переписи населения Нома. Аляска - самый крупный и наименее густонаселенный штат США. В штате около 737 400 жителей, более половины из которых проживают в двух крупных городах Анкоридж и Фэрбенкс.

Добыча нефти и горнодобывающая промышленность были основными отраслями промышленности на Аляске. Другие известные отрасли включают рыболовство и туризм, важность и спрос на которые растет. Почти два миллиона человек ежегодно приезжают на Аляску, с целью посетить ее огромные ледники, горы и дикую природу.

Соединенные Штаты имеют различные интересы в Арктике, включая национальную безопасность и безопасность страны, защиту окружающей среды, устойчивое развитие, содействие сотрудничеству и сотрудничеству с другими арктическими странами, вовлечение коренных народов в принятие решений, которые их затрагивают, а также поддержку и продвижение научных исследований во всем регионе. Цель страны - создать безопасный и стабильный регион, свободный от конфликтов, где его интересы защищены, ее родина находится под защитой, а арктические государства совместно работают над решением общих проблем. Последний раз арктическая политика Соединенных Штатов была обновлена в мае 2013 года и соответствует Президентской директиве о национальной безопасности 2009 года-66 / Президентской директиве о внутренней безопасности-25.

Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous peoples in Alaska include the Aleut, Alutiiq, Yup’ik, Iñupiaq (Northwest Alaskan Inuit), Athabaskan, Tlingit and Haida. Of these peoples, the Yup’ik, Athabaskans and Iñupiaq live above the Arctic Circle and rely heavily on subsistence hunting and fishing. Approximately 18 percent of the Alaskan population are Indigenous.

The United States in the Arctic Council

The United States held the country’s first Arctic Council chairmanship from 1998-2000, and again from 2015-2017. Throughout its first chairmanship, the United States’ priorities included:

  • Human health, including telemedicine and disease surveillance
  • The effects of climate change in the Arctic
  • Sustainable Arctic tourism development

Throughout its most recent chairmanship, the United States’ priorities included:

  • Arctic Ocean safety, security and stewardship, including search and rescue cooperation, oil pollution preparedness and response, maritime protection, maritime shipping and ocean acidification monitoring
  • Addressing the impacts of climate change
  • Improving economic and living conditions in the Arctic, including pursuing innovative technologies, advancing mental wellness research and addressing telecommunications infrastructure

Key accomplishments

  • The United States, together with the other seven Arctic States, launched the International Circumpolar Surveillance (ICS), a region-wide disease surveillance system led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • The United States launched the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA), the first-ever comprehensive scientific assessment of the effects of climate change in the Arctic, which was completed under Iceland’s chairmanship in 2004
  • The United States and Russia co-chaired a special task force on science cooperation under the auspices of the Arctic Council that led to the conclusion of a legally-binding “Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation,” which was signed by foreign ministers at the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting on May 11, 2017 in Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • The U.S. has served as chair of both Expert Groups on Marine Environmental Response and Search and Rescue in exercising the “Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic” (signed 2013) and the “Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic” (signed 2011).
Meredith Rubin
Meredith Rubin
Senior Arctic Official; U.S. Department of State Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs

Contact for press inquiries
+1 (202) 485 1540
OES-PA-DG@state.gov

Featured Projects

Red Knots. Photo: Morten Ekker

Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI)

Improving the status and secure the long-term sustainability of declining Arctic breeding migratory bird populations.

Marine Biodiversity Monitoring

Working with partners across the Arctic to harmonize and enhance long-term marine monitoring efforts
Photo: Steve Hillebrand/USFWS

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP)

An international network of scientists, governments, Indigenous organizations and conservation groups working to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the Arctic's living resources.

Региональный план действий по морскому мусору

Reducing the negative impacts of marine litter, including microplastics, to the Arctic marine environment.
iStock

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) of the Central Arctic Ocean

Investigating the current state of the Central Arctic Ocean

Underwater noise in the Arctic

Providing a baseline understanding of underwater noise in Arctic regions, including ambient sound levels, underwater noise created by anthropogenic activities, and impacts of underwater noise on marin...

Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON)

SAON's vision is a connected, collaborative, and comprehensive long-term pan-Arctic Observing System that serves societal needs.
Permafrost erosion in Alaska. Photo: USGS / M. Torre Jorgenson

Climate Issues: Cryosphere, meteorology, ecosystem impacts

Developing work on thresholds and extremes, Arctic/mid-latitude weather connections and performance of global models in the Arctic, with contributions from the meteorology community; and evaluating th...

Данные по судоходству в Арктике

Collecting and distributing accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on shipping activities in the Arctic.
Garbage incinerator in Greenland. Photo: iStock / olli0815

Community-based black carbon and public health assessment

Assessing and mitigating the risks of black carbon to public health.
Cod drying. Photo: iStock

Blue Bioeconomy in the Arctic Region

The sustainable and intelligent use of renewable aquatic natural resources, with a focus on improving utilization and creating higher-value products.
iStock

Arctic Shipping Status Reports

Using the ASTD System to develop a user-friendly, illustrative informational factsheets online to highlight important developments in Arctic shipping activities.
Murres on cliff. Photo: iStock

Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring

Working with partners across the Arctic to harmonize and enhance long-term coastal monitoring efforts.
Arctic Council logo

Collaboration with the Arctic Regional Hydrographic Commission (ARHC)

PAME and the Arctic Regional Hydrography Commission (ARHC) have developed a joint policy statement on the importance of hydrography in the Arctic region to safe and sustainable maritime navigation.

Arctic Resilience Action Framework (ARAF)

Advancing a coordinated, regional approach to building resilience and adapting to rapid change.
Arctic Council logo

Systematically Strengthening Observer Engagement in PAME’s Shipping Work

Identifying options for leveraging Observer interest, expertise and engagement in PAME’s shipping work.

Prevention, Preparedness and Response for small communities

Working with small communities to improve their safety in case of an oil spill event.
Arctic Council logo

Arctic Port Reception Facilities Inventory

Developing a current inventory of Arctic port reception facilities to assess where there may be infrastructure gaps in light of increasing Arctic shipping traffic.

Arctic Remote Energy Networks Academy (ARENA)

Sharing knowledge and establishing professional networks related to energy resources for remote Arctic communities.
Arctic Council logo

Arctic Arrangement for Regional Reception Facilities

Due to the Arctic’s unique circumstances (remoteness, severe weather, limited infrastructure and resources) regional arrangements are a practical means of meeting MARPOL obligations.

Mainstreaming Arctic Biodiversity

Identifying challenges and solutions for incorporating biodiversity considerations Arctic development and the Council's work
LCDR Eric Johnson / NOAA

Fishing Practice & Gear Inventory

Enhancing Understanding of Abandoned Lost or otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear (ALDFG)
Arctic Council logo

Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECM) Areas in the Arctic Marine Environment

An overview of the current range and understanding of international and national criteria used for identification of OECMs in the Arctic.

Solid Waste Management in Small Arctic Communities

Providing in-person and online resources to address the unique needs of Arctic communities, from planning to implementation of solid waste management practices.
Arctic Council logo

Ecosystem Status, Human Impact and Management Measures in the Central Arctic Ocean

Synthesizing relevant information on the status, trends and projected changes in the Central Arctic Ocean, human activities and pressures in the area, and the current management measures in place in o...
Arctic Council logo

Meaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities

Compiling and analyzing existing documents and summarize stheir main aspects, principles, and processes for engagement of Indigenous Peoples and local communities.
Photo: CAFF

Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring

Working with partners across the Arctic to harmonize and enhance long-term terrestrial monitoring efforts.
Arctic Council logo

Management of Arctic Marine Oil and Gas Associated Noise

The continuation of Arctic marine oil and gas activities requires a better understanding of the sources of noise and the effects and potential effects of noise on marine mammals and fish.
iStock

Арктический судоходный информационный форум по наилучшим практикам

Facilitating an exchange of information and best practices on shipping topics like hydrography, search and rescue logistics, industry guidelines and ship equipment, systems and structure.
Photo: Hjalti Hreinsson

Gender Equality in the Arctic

An international collaborative project focusing on gender equality in the Arctic
Ulstein Uavpic

NEPTUNE

Could expedition cruise vessels be an oil spill response asset in the Arctic?

Circumpolar Local Environmental Observer Network (CLEO)

Our world is changing rapidly, and local observers can detect subtle changes in weather, landscapes and seascapes, and in plant and animal communities.
Photo: iStock / RyersonClark

One Arctic, One Health

A theoretical concept and practical approach for developing and sustaining broad interdisciplinary collaboration – to identify, prevent, and mitigate health risks in humans, animals and the environmen...
Soot on ice. Photo:iStock

Arctic Black Carbon Case Studies Platform

Showing how existing technologies successfully, sustainably, and affordably reduce black carbon emissions.