Photo: CAFF

Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring

Working with partners across the Arctic to harmonize and enhance long-term terrestrial monitoring efforts.

Objective

Temperature can affect terrestrial ecosystems through thawing permafrost, snowmelt, drought, fires, changes in phenology (with subsequent implications on the food web), encroachment of invasive species, pest outbreaks and disease transmissions.

For some species that feed and reproduce in the short Arctic summer, longer growing seasons may be an advantage, but specialized Arctic wildlife are predicted to be negatively affected.

Exactly how these pressures - alone and in combination - affect terrestrial species and ecosystems is unknown because the Arctic's complexity and size make it difficult to detect and attribute changes. In addition, existing terrestrial monitoring efforts are often uncoordinated, limiting the ability to efficiently make effective management decisions, despite increasing urgency and pressure to act.

Lead Working Groups
CAFF
Lead Arctic States & Permanent Participants
Sweden
Iceland
The United States
Start
2011
End
Ongoing
Status
On track

Projects